Vaccination is an effective method used in veterinary medicine to protect pets from infection with diseases of viral and bacterial etiology. Dogs are necessarily vaccinated against rabies. Consider what side effects after vaccination against rabies in dogs can develop and what needs to be done if there is a side symptom.
What is rabies in dogs
Rabies in dogs (hydrophobia, rabies) is an acute infection caused by a virus from the rhabdovirus family. The carriers and the reservoir of infection are wild animals, predators, some species of birds, rodents.
Infection occurs by contact with infected individuals at the time of a bite, since the maximum concentration of rhabdovirus is found in the saliva of sick animals, where it actively reproduces.
The development of the disease is also possible when saliva enters into open wounds, deep scratches, on mucous membranes. After penetration into the body, rhabdovirus infects the central nervous system, enters the brain and spinal cord.
Important! Rabies is a danger to warm-blooded animals, people. The disease is incurable, therefore hydrophobia inevitably leads to the death of the animal.
The duration of the incubation period is from several days to two to three months. In this case, until the first characteristic symptoms appear, an infected dog is a carrier of rhabdovirus and can become a source of infection in healthy animals and humans.
Possible side effects after rabies vaccination
Given that hydrophobia is an incurable disease, the dog must be vaccinated against this infection. Note that the prevention of rabies in our country is controlled at the state level.
Dog owners should not only know what rabies is and how the infection manifests itself, but also what vaccine complications an rabies vaccine can provoke. Some dogs tolerate vaccination well, while others, due to the individual sensitivity of the body to the components, adjuvants of the veterinary drug, the development of general or local side effects is not excluded.
Important! The development of post-vaccination complications can also be caused by improper preparation of the animal for vaccination, the introduction of expired vaccines, as well as if the animal was weakened at the time of administration of the vaccine or the veterinarian did not reveal any hidden infections and pathologies during examination.
Complications after immunization against rabies develop either in the first few hours after the injection or can occur in two to three weeks. Therefore, during the month, carefully monitor the condition and behavior of your pet.
Possible side effects after rabies vaccination:
- allergies, rash, itching;
- compaction, the appearance of a lump, swelling, abscess, sarcoma at the injection site;
- lethargy, depression, apathy;
- temperature rise;
- decreased activity, changes in behavior;
- loss of appetite, unstable stools, nausea, vomiting;
- anaphylactic shock;
- salivation, involuntary urination, defecation;
- temporary lameness, cramps, cramps, seizures, impaired coordination of movements.
After the introduction of the rabies vaccine in the dog, the heart rate may be impaired, breathing is difficult.
Important! In some cases, especially in high-breed, miniature dogs, vaccination can cause the development of autoimmune diseases, in which the body can not cope with the infection and in case of liver damage the chances of survival are minimal.
As a rule, in the first 12-28 hours the dog may refuse to feed. There are attacks of nausea, one-time vomiting, diarrhea, the appearance of a bump, painful swelling at the injection site. The temperature rises slightly (by 0.5-1 degrees). The dog may not control its natural urges, limp while walking.
Puppies show concern, whine, require increased attention from the owners, refuse to play, inadequately respond to stimuli.
The intensity of the manifestation of post-vaccination complications depends on the individual, physiological characteristics of the body, age. In puppies, side symptoms occur more often and are more pronounced than in adult dogs.
When to sound the alarm and what to do if complications arise
As already noted, after vaccination, owners should monitor the condition of their pet. After the introduction of the rabies vaccine, some of the symptoms that develop in dogs disappear on their own on the second or third day. The condition of the dog should be fully normalized within a week!
Advice! After immunization, do not take your pet home immediately. As a rule, an uncharacteristic reaction develops in the first 10-40 minutes after the administration of the rabies vaccine. Even if the dog has tolerated the vaccine well, consult your doctor about the care of your pet.
If after vaccination the dog has a slightly elevated temperature, with one-time vomiting, diarrhea, refusal to feed, increased thirst, the appearance of swelling at the injection site, limp, do not worry. Provide the dog peace, protect from stress, surround the pet with attention, slaughter.
Symptoms that require a visit to a veterinarian:
- severe shortness of breath, heavy breathing;
- increase, decrease in temperature more than one degree, fever;
- foamy, excessive salivation;
- debilitating vomiting, profuse fetid diarrhea;
- convulsions, epileptic seizures, other neurological conditions;
- disorientation in space;
- refusal of food for more than a day;
- increased thirst;
- swelling of the extremities, muzzle, ears;
- pallor, cyanosis of the mucous membranes;
- an increase in swelling at the injection site, abscess, phlegmon, sarcoma;
- outflow from nose, eyes;
- severe depression, apathy, depression.
Emergency care is required for the development of acute allergies, which can trigger anaphylactic shock.
It manifests itself as a violation of respiratory function, heart rate, swelling of the body, legs, a sharp drop in temperature, convulsions. If you do not help in time. A dog may die due to suffocation.
What to do if complications arise? If the condition of the dog progressively worsens after immunization, signs of malaise are noticeable, urgently consult a veterinarian, call him at home or take the animal to a hospital.
Remember that serious post-vaccination complications can harm the body and even cause death.
- In an acute allergic reaction, antihistamines are used (Suprastin, Diphenhydramine, Dexamethasone, Pipolfen), corticosteroids, homeopathic remedies, detoxification therapy is carried out.
- With anaphylactic shock, adrenaline (epinephrine), cardiac glycosides, adrenomimetics are used.
- For relief of bronchospasm - intravenously eufellin.
- With laryngeal edema, a tracheostomy.
- If necessary, resuscitation measures are carried out, depending on the severity of the process.
- After removing the dog from anaphylactic shock, within the next few days, desensitizing drugs prescribed by the veterinarian are used.
To lower the temperature, antipyretic drugs are used. With vomiting - antiemetic drugs. Enzyme preparations and probiotics will help normalize digestion. Dogs can be prescribed general restorative, symptomatic agents, special food, vitamin-mineral complexes.
Important! Do not self-medicate. With the development of uncharacteristic reactions to the introduction of vaccines, the veterinarian individually and in each case selects medications to normalize the condition of the animal.
In some cases, with the development of serious post-vaccination complications and reactions, the animals are left for several days in a hospital if the hospital provides such a service. In this case, the dog will be under the supervision of a veterinarian and, if necessary, your pet will be provided with emergency assistance.
If the rabies vaccine caused side symptoms, the veterinarian will pick up another drug for subsequent revaccinations.