One of the most common myths, with a small amount of truth, says that after castration, the cat gets fat becomes lazy and boring. Let's see why this myth arose, what are the true causes of weight gain in neutered cats and how to maintain the health of your pet.
General information about castration
Castration is an operation the purpose of which is to remove the testes from the male, uterus and ovaries from the female. With regard to castration of cats, the most terrible myth is the deprivation of a sense of motherhood, then in relation to cats the most common opinion is that the pet will become fat.
Immediately make a reservation that castration does not affect the rate of fat gain or metabolism. The operation is carried out in order to reduce sexual hunting and its complete exclusion subsequently. Cats are recommended to be castrated to avoid:
The procedure takes 15-20 minutes, if it goes without complications. However, castration is carried out under general anesthesia, which implies a certain preparation and confidence that the pet does not suffer from heart disease. Before the operation, it is advisable to do blood tests, exclude any pathology of the liver, heart and kidneys.
It is known that neutered cats live (on average) for 3 years more. The procedure guarantees the elimination of risks associated with cancer of the testicles, and this is a very common consequence of empty cat ghouls. In addition, the state of sexual hunting, in which an uncastrated cat stays year-round, adversely affects the work of the heart muscle. There are cases when cats had heart attacks only because they smelled a cat that was ready for mating.
Modern veterinary equipment makes it possible to carry out castration as in clinic conditions and at home. In both cases, there are pros and cons. Home surgery virtually eliminates the chances of getting infected with viruses and significantly reduces stress levels. During the operation in the clinic, the doctor will be able to provide better help in case of complications.
Effect of surgery on metabolism and appetite
In the case of the myth of excess weight in cats after castration, smoke appeared not without fire. Changes occur very smoothly, so many owners do not even have time to notice how their taut, playful cat becomes a cute bun that just eats and sleeps.
How quickly the body begins to rebuild depends on the age at which the castration is performed. According to general recommendations, castration is best done when the kitten is 6-7 months old, but he has not yet entered into sexual hunting (up to 9-10 months). Some breeds are characterized by late puberty, that is, cats show interest in cats aged 1-1.5 years.
You need to understand that, normally, the kitten's testicles descend into the scrotum in the womb. At the age of 4-5 months, the pet experiences the first hormonal surge due to the natural processes of body formation. When a cat enters into a sexual hunt, he experiences another hormonal surge, or rather a malfunction, after which the body ceases to exist and, one might say, becomes an adult.
If the cat was neutered before the first failure, that is, at the age of 3-4 months, its temperament and habits will not change. Many veterinarians oppose early castration, but European experience shows that both females and males undergo the procedure without complications and recover faster. Castration at the age of 6-9 months is approved by an absolute majority of veterinarians, since the kitten was already physically formed, but his body did not have time to rebuild. In this case, the changes after castration are minor. The body is rebuilt the longest if the cat is neutered over one year old or after mating.
Now let's see what exactly is changing. Being in a state of sexual hunting, the cat spends a lot of energy on finding a partner. The pet marks, screams, sleeps poorly, is constantly in a state of stress. The longer the cat walks in vain, the more stress is pumped up ... that is, the body constantly consumes energy and needs to be replenished. The cat begins to eat more and sleep less, and this requires even more energy. As a result, the cat eats a lot, but also spends a lot of energy.
If a cat is released into the street during a hunting season to find a partner, the energy requirements will increase incomparably. Being in competition for the right to mate, the cat is not just in stress, he is forced to fight, constantly control his territory ... and it is not a fact that the male will achieve his goal. The female will choose the strongest cat, and who is stronger to decide in a fight.
Now imagine that you went to the gym for more than a year, ran, swam, but abruptly abandoned everything. At the same time, the quality and volume of food that you consumed remained unchanged. What will happen? Of course, you will gain weight, and very rapidly. The same thing happens with castrated cats, they simply have nowhere to put the energy that they get out of habit.
What to do to protect the cat from weight gain and maintain his health? To begin with, we will determine that obesity is not a sweet feature, but a disease that affects the functioning of the heart and the state of the bone. By nature, cats are not thick and cheeky. Cats are nocturnal predators, muscular, fit, agile and very fast animals.
If you have castrated a cat at the age of 1 year or older, you will have to work not only on the diet, but also on a gradual decrease in the daily feed intake. As soon as you notice that the cat began to gain weight, the calorie content of its diet should be reduced by 20-30%. It is important that the portion size is not changed for the first time. Correct correction of the diet requires time and attention from the owners. If you have no time to calculate calories and monitor your pet, there is an alternative - mixed food for neutered cats. However, do not confuse castrated cat food with products for animals suffering from urolithiasis - the compositions of these foods are completely different.
Note! Food for castrated cats allows you to reduce the calorie content of a serving while maintaining its volume.
The difficulty is that it is impossible to determine exactly when the body of your pet will begin to rearrange. The only method that allows you to track the increase in fat mass in time is regular weighing. It should be borne in mind that cats recover slightly in winter and lose weight in the summer.
A castrated cat needs to move and get physical activity, this condition also applies to non-castrated pets. The myth that castrated cats do not like to play is a pure fiction. After castration, the pet’s body, more precisely, its hormonal system, will come into equilibrium. At the same time, you will notice that the character of the adult, brutal cat has become similar to the teenage one - curious, sociable. playful. After castration the cat needs to be encouraged for the desire to play, to run and fool around. Try to provide your pet with a variety of toys and most importantly, take the time to communicate.