What if your beloved dog becomes aggressive? What to do if the behavior of the animal is a real threat? If the four-legged became intolerant after the appearance of a child in the house or replenishment of the family with another pet? Is the only way out, is getting rid of the aggressor? Do not rush to make such serious decisions, most problems with the behavior of dogs are solved.
How to understand aggression?
Aggression and self-defense are two closely related survival skills.. Not a single living creature can grow, let alone produce offspring, not being able to show teeth and fight back. Dogs closely coexist with people for more than 10 thousand years and it so happened that four-legs have to defend themselves from their owners, this is rare, but still.
It should be understood that most types of aggression not associated with a poor attitude of the owner, but with a low self-esteem or uncertainty of the pet. In a global sense, aggression in dogs can be divided into several types. Correction of behavior directly depends on the reasons that unsettle the dog.
Causes and types of aggression in dogs
Dominant aggression - characteristic of many dogs, even if the nature of the breed must be faithful and complaisant. If the dog has become aggressive towards the owner at a transitional age, it is worth taking measures, rather than blaming the pet. Like all living things, animals go through puberty. During this period, the ward undergoes formation irregularly, he can be self-confident or cowardly, bold or timid, contactable or shy, and all these characteristics are chaotic. Against the background of dominant aggression, the dog can be jealous of children (even newborns). The four-legged can fight for attention with other pets and family members ... and there are hundreds of such options.
There is only one method of suppressing dominant aggression - establishing the correct flock hierarchy. Remember, a happy dog is a guided dog that feels caring and the firm hand of the owner. The pet should know that at the right time he will be sent, supported, regretted, and if necessary, he will be stopped. To develop mutual understanding, special skills are not needed, only love for the pet, patience and attention to its behavior are needed. It should be understood that dominant aggression is more harmful to the dog, because it is in constant stress and fear.
Intraspecific aggression - this species is difficult to distinguish from sexual aggression (male aggressive to male, female to female). The essence of actions is the desire to prove to everyone their strength and status. Intraspecific aggression does not know gender, that is, a dog can attack a bitch. The general opinion of dog handlers boils down to the fact that species aggression is one of the types of mental disorders that are inherited or manifest due to improper upbringing.
Aggression towards other dogs - This is a very bad quality that must be suppressed, no matter at what age it appears. Fighting breeds, which seem to be characterized by aggression towards other dogs, grow up as quite adequate pets with active socialization.
Note! Practice shows that most dogs exhibiting intraspecific aggression are intentionally or not intentionally improperly raised, that is, the owner either does not suppress or encourages cruelty in the behavior of the ward.
Territorial aggression - An absolutely normal type of aggression for all breeds of dogs, and for guard and guard dogs, its presence is mandatory. The bottom line is that the four-legged must be distrustful and decisive in relation to strangers or animals that intentionally fell into the protected area. The problem is that a stranger, regarded as an aggressor, does not always enter the territory intentionally (for example, a cat in the private sector can simply pass through a guarded yard). The solution of excessive territorial aggression in socialization. Only by communicating with other animals and people, the pet will learn to distinguish types of behavior and distinguish true danger.
Important! Territorial aggression in dogs cannot be stopped, because it is instinctive. However, it is necessary to control actions and train a dog for endurance from puppyhood.
Barking at the door of the apartment and the desire to bite guests - This is also territorial aggression. It is worthwhile to understand that absolutely all pets are prone to such behavior, improper behavior of which is encouraged or ignored. If you forbid the dog to bite, but do not solve the problem as a whole. The pet will urinate the guest in shoes or chew the shoelaces ... she somehow, but will harm the enemy. The solution to the problem lies in the correct arrangement of emphasis, in careful attention to the pet’s experiences, in support of its aspirations to protect you. As soon as the ward becomes more self-confident, the need for territorial aggression will evaporate.
Territorial aggression can also be manifested against animals that the pet saw from the window or sensed from the door. In this case, there is a risk of redirected aggression - the pet became angry with an extraneous dog, and vented the aggression on family members.
Food aggression - the desire to protect food. As practice shows, the most problematic type of aggression ... and what is most sad, most owners do not understand how to deal with it. There may be several variations:
- Food aggression towards people or animals that live on the same territory.
- The dog behaves aggressively while waiting for food.
- The dog behaves aggressively when it sees a bowl of food.
- The dog behaves aggressively when it eats - you cannot approach it, touch the bowl, etc.
- The dog shows very active aggression during the meal - it can throw a bowl and throw itself at a passing person / pet.
Important! The severity and number of injuries caused by food aggression is simply amazing. It should be understood that this type of aggression applies to all living things, including children. Correction of behavior is possible, and without problems carried out at home.
Game aggression (gambling) - characteristic of puppies, young dogs and certain breeds. In this situation, the dog plays and not noticing, begins to behave aggressively. People often suffer from such aggression, playing with puppy hands. The pet grows up and bites the owner's hands, not suspecting that this is impossible. The breeds that tend to fall into a working game (excitement) are characterized by fights with relatives: one of the players was carried away, strongly bit his partner, the second answered and started.
Tip: if your dog often runs into gambling aggression, you should devote more time to its socialization and take walks in the company of dogs that can give a worthy rebuff, in other words, put your badass in place.
Predatory aggression - peculiar to dogs of hunting breeds that divide the animal world into companions and victims. Dogs are usually regarded as friends, cats, birds and other animals as prey. It would seem that a domestic dog that never went hunting should get used to the society of other animals, but no, the instincts laid in the four-legged are much stronger.
Important! All dogs of hunting breeds are recommended to walk strictly on a leash until the assimilation is fully mastered, since being carried away by the chase, the four-legged can be lost.
Proprietary aggression - manifests itself when the dog guards his personal belongings: toys, a collar, a sunbed, etc. Aggression can be directed towards other animals, people, less often towards children. The reason is self-doubt, that is, the pet doubts that it is safe, does not trust the owner, may have a lack of attention and affection.
Defensive aggression or aggressive defensive reaction - characteristic of self-confident dogs who find themselves in a dangerous situation. The four-legged one crags, growls and retreats to the last, if it has no way out, it attacks or fights. In this case it works the instinct of self-preservation. It is worthwhile to understand that a self-confident dog that is in a state of defensive reaction can inflict very accurate, well-thought-out bites that will cause considerable harm.
Passive aggression (defensive) - the situation is similar to the one described above, but for a cowardly (modest, insecure) dog. The four-legged one does not growl, but tightens its tail, whines, leaves the conflict to the last, but when there is no choice, it attacks. I must say that passive aggression is much more dangerous than active, because the animal acts on full adrenaline, inflicting erratic, powerful and numerous hacks.
Aggression in response to pain (reflex) - There are generally accepted rules: a dog is examined by a veterinarian in a muzzle; You can not bend to a pet (face) that is moving away from anesthesia; fix the four before injecting or performing other painful manipulations. The essence of these rules is one thing - when the dog it hurts, she can bite absolutely not intentionally, reflexively. Surely you touched a hot mug of tea and sharply pulled your hand - this is a protective reflex, reflex aggression in dogs works on the same principle. The pet is not to blame for the fact that its nervous system protects the body from damage.
Baby instinct, parental or maternal aggression - The bitch may become aggressive after giving birth or while the pregnant woman is walking. This phenomenon is more than normal as the dog becomes more vulnerable. Aggression is not a demonstration of character, but the instinct of preserving oneself and offspring. If you are faced with parental aggression in the pet, it is worth minimizing the level of stress in the dog’s life and try to make contact (since the ward does not trust you). It is strictly forbidden to punish future mother for such behavior!
Note! Male dogs can display both parental aggression and intolerance towards offspring. In the first case, dad guards the puppies and the bitch, in the second, he seeks to kill the puppies in order to mate with his partner again.
Aggression on the background of hormonal surges - This is the most uncontrolled and most unpredictable cause of aggression in animals. If the dog abruptly became aggressive for no apparent reason, you should carefully monitor its behavior. Sharp bursts of emotions can occur during estrus in females and sexual hunting in males. You may not suspect that a bitch lives in a neighboring house or apartment, who has a heat, and your dog will smell and behave aggressively towards other dogs or even people.
Important! In the autumn and spring, experienced pet owners walk their dogs on a leash only, since sexual instinct is much more significant than the owner’s skills and authority.
A female who is in a state of sexual hunting is also not always controlled. The reasons are hormonal bursts, which literally affect the physiological state and psyche of the dog. The most faithful and obedient pets can run away, gnaw a leash or even bite if you try to prevent them from fulfilling plans.
The second most common cause of hormonal surges is sterilization and castration. There are no scientifically based data yet, but according to the observations of dog handlers and veterinarians, in rare cases, the nature of the dog can undergo changes. I am glad that this phenomenon is always temporary, that is, the behavior of the animal comes back to its normal rate during the year. Doctors note that males after castration become calmer and more affectionate within 3-4 months, but females after sterilization can become angrier and these changes can be observed throughout the year.
Veterinarians recommend sterilizing non-breeding animals at an early age, bitches - before the first estrus. Observations show that the younger the animal, the easier it is to survive the procedure itself and the hormonal changes that occur in the body after. Some owners believe that the dog needs to give birth for health, this statement is a myth, and very outdated. Be attentive to your pets, take care of their health and act wisely.