Kare disease, Crimean disease or carnivore plague is a viral illness that often leads to the death of an infected pet. Without treatment, the mortality rate is extremely high. And, unfortunately, the dog’s distemper has very different and varying degrees of symptoms, which greatly complicates the diagnosis. Therefore, at the slightest suspicion, it is necessary to consult a veterinarian, even if you are sure that the described signs exactly repeat the state of the pet. Treatment is prescribed only by a doctor.
Among the owners there is an opinion that in our time only puppies, unvaccinated dogs and pets are ill with the plague, which are poorly looked after. To some extent, this is true - vivid manifestations of plague in dogs from the above groups are observed more often than in vaccinated healthy animals. But any dog, at any age and regardless of the state of immunity, can be infected with this virus during a walk, at an exhibition, or even at home, through a person’s shoes and hands.
Is your pet vaccinated, eating right, active and healthy? Great, but the owner still needs to remember how dog distemper appears. Even if the pet has already reached old age and is vaccinated annually, there is a danger. Do not dismiss the symptoms simply because "my dog is vaccinated and healthy, what other plague?"
Dangerous dog diseases like the distemper manifest symptoms long before the condition worsens. Of course, if we are not talking about the fulminant course of the disease. When an ailment develops typically, a pet gets sick gradually - eats less, does not want to play, walks without interest. Somewhere he coughed, sneezed at night, something transparent was flowing from the nose, his eyes seemed to turn a little red - all these are the very first signs of a plague in dogs, which often go unnoticed. But if you catch an ailment at this stage, the probability of cure is almost 100%, and the likelihood of severe complications approaches zero. Do not be too lazy to measure the temperature and carefully examine the pet, once again drive to the clinic and take tests.
Do not wait for stereotyping
The plague virus is very insidious - affecting the entire body, it makes itself felt with different symptoms, even in two dogs of the same age and one breed, sick at the same time. Therefore, do not expect that the signs of plague in a dog will develop according to a typical picture: outflows from the nose and eyes, temperature, cough, diarrhea. Depending on the speed of propagation of the virus and the place of its localization, several forms of this disease are distinguished.
If the first symptoms of a plague in dogs appeared suddenly (yesterday I ran and ate, today lies and does not respond to a call), they speak of an acute or subacute form of the plague. In a chronic course, on the contrary, the signs are hardly noticeable - the pet seems to have weakened, but nothing concrete can be said. Puppies often die without any symptoms of malaise, with whole litters - fulminant form.
Typical picture (intestinal-pulmonary form)
In most cases, the plague virus infects the intestines and respiratory system, leading to fever, digestive upset, and respiratory problems.
The first signs of plague in dogs with damage to the respiratory system are as follows:
- painful angry cough, dry. It may seem that the pet was choking. Tonsils enlarged, reddened throat;
- the eyes are filled with "tears", yellowish paths are visible in the corners of the eyes. The outflows are liquid, transparent;
- a clear liquid flows out of the nose, due to which the pet constantly licks. Droplets of dried exudate are visible in the corners of the nostrils, especially after sleep.
The temperature may remain normal, be elevated, or change in jumps from normal to 42 ° C throughout the day. After the plague is manifested in dogs, it may take from one day to several weeks before deterioration occurs. More often it is about 3-5 days.
From the respiratory system:
- wet cough, paroxysmal. Wheezing in the chest, gurgling. The pet coughs angrily, leaning on its front paws, attacks cause vomiting of mucus and even fainting;
- it was no longer tears that flowed from my eyes, but thick pus. The eyelids become inflamed and stick together, especially after sleep. Sometimes the cornea becomes cloudy, and the eyes swim with pus so much that the pet cannot open them;
- the nose is filled with a thick greenish or grayish fluid along the edges of the crust. The mirror of the nose is cracking, the touch is painful.
As with other dog viral diseases, the symptoms of the plague are not limited to respiratory disorders.
To one degree or another, the intestines suffer:
- thirst, poor appetite, selectivity unusual for the owner, refusal to feed;
- vomiting of foam, mucus, with blood streaks. Vomit enters the lungs, leading to pneumonia;
- yellowish mucous diarrhea, very offensive. In the feces, bits of undigested feed are visible. With frequent and profuse diarrhea, dehydration quickly occurs.
The common allocation of intestinal and pulmonary distemper in dogs is conditional, the symptoms in most cases are mixed. But in one pet, the respiratory system may be more affected, and in the other, the intestines.
In the cutaneous form of the plague, gastrointestinal disorders are not expressed or completely absent. In mild cases, breathing remains normal; there is no coughing, sneezing, or discharge from the eyes and nose. However, reddish blisters filled with liquid are noticeable on the skin of the pet. Since it is not always possible to determine the plague in a dog in this case on time, the pet manages to comb strongly the sores, which are gradually covered with crusts. The skin form of the plague is considered the most harmless, but the pet's health can be undermined by secondary infections - bacteria and fungi multiply in inflamed areas with great speed.
Damage to the nervous system
From the side of the nervous system, the signs of plague in dogs do not appear immediately. As a rule, it takes about two weeks from the onset of the disease before the condition worsens. At risk, pets who were not helped on time: being late with the start of therapy with a plague is the biggest omission. Sometimes a nervous plague in dogs manifests symptoms immediately, from the first day of malaise. In such cases, the prognosis is disappointing.
Signs of damage to the nervous system:
- photophobia, agitation, aggression is possible;
- weakness, voluntary limb movements, shaky gait;
- cramps, muscle tremors, cramps, epilepsy;
- partial or complete paralysis. Usually the hind legs are first paralyzed.
To protect your pet from a dangerous ailment, vaccinate all pets in a timely manner. At the slightest suspicion, consult your veterinarian: carnivore plague is a dangerous ailment that only a professional can cope with.