Dozens of commercials flashing daily on TV and in the media are dedicated to a rather intimate topic - prostatitis. Oddly enough, but our pets are in no way safe from this unpleasant disease. Especially frequent prostatitis in dogs. For males, it causes a lot of problems, leading to painful urination and other pathologies.
What it is?
We hear the word “prostatitis” so often that we do not fully understand the meaning of this term. What is it? This is called inflammation of the prostate. This is an important gland, playing far from the last role in reproduction. It is located near the bladder and rectum. This is important, since it is this circumstance that explains the negative signs that accompany the development of the disease. For obvious reasons, the disease is found only in males. But the prostate gland sometimes not only becomes inflamed. In veterinary practice, an abscess of the prostate is often found, which can cause even more problems.
In fact, this is such a bag of pus. An abscess often leads to prostatitis, but can develop both after and instead. In dogs, both of these pathologies are often the result of some infections that may remain undetected. The disease is divided into the following types: acute prostatitis (in dogs "in the prime of life") and chronic (in old males). The acute type can cause any bacterial infection. If the prostate gland at the same time turns into a sort of reservoir with pus, everything can end very sadly: the “sac” will burst, and the dog will die from acute and sudden peritonitis.
Chronic prostatitis occurs when a prolonged illness lasted a long time and was not detected on time by veterinarians. Acute prostatitis can go into a chronic course, and its primary clinical manifestations often go completely unnoticed.
How is it manifested?
Acute, especially purulent, prostatitis in dogs manifests itself in the form of the following symptoms:
- Depression, the dog is depressed and tries to sleep more.
- Decreased and complete lack of appetite.
- Tenesmus (false urge to defecate) may occur. If the prostate has swollen to completely "indecent" sizes and almost completely transmitted the rectum, feces can come out in the form of peculiar ribbons. Like from a pastry syringe ...
- Often manifested prostatitis in dogs in the form of difficulty urinating. The unfortunate dog pushes so that his anus bulges out.
- Intermittent and persistent fever.
- Symptoms of abdominal pain: the dog is squeezing, whining, contracting into a lump.
- Bloody discharge from the urethra.
- Gradually developing exhaustion, as well as intoxication.
Alas, chronic prostatitis in dogs may not have any symptoms. Occasionally, there are some difficulties with urination, and periodically (but slightly) the body temperature rises.
All males are at risk; there are no breeds that are more or less resistant to prostatitis. However, practice shows that most often it appears in males between the ages of seven and eleven. There are also predisposing factors:
- Any bacterial or viral infection. This is especially true of neglected pathologies, for the treatment of which ineffective drugs were used.
- Mechanical injuries of the penis or preputial sac.
- Cystitis, urethritis, jade.
- Initially enlarged prostate (an individual feature).
- Uncontrolled hormone therapy at home.
- Defective immune system.
You are required to give the veterinarian the maximum of the information that could help in the diagnosis. In the clinic, the dog will take blood and urine tests. Urine is especially important, since with developed, acute prostatitis, the concentration of epithelial cells will inevitably be increased in it, pus or leukocytes can be detected.
Blood often appears in urine. In dogs with prostatitis, it even oozes directly from the urethra. The dog is leaking, just walking around the house. Direct (rectal) examination of the prostate gland is of no small importance. If the dog squeals with pain, then an ultrasound of the prostate is used. In dogs, this disease manifests itself and is difficult, and therefore timely diagnosis is extremely important.
If it turns out that the cause of prostatitis is a bacterial infection, then intravenous administration of broad-spectrum antibiotics is practiced. The animal is connected to an intravenous infusion system and a catheter is inserted into the urethra. As a rule, treatment is carried out in a clinic setting. A dog can be at home only if the disease is mild. With hormonal origin (cryptorchidism), castration can be used. Hormonal drugs are also prescribed to prevent metabolic disorders. In the case when the dog has a rupture of the abscess of the prostate gland - an urgent, immediate operation, otherwise peritonitis will be fatal. In many cases, the animal is doomed.
Forecast and outcome
If your dog does not have a prostate abscess, the contents of which flowed into the abdominal cavity, its prognosis is still not bad. Otherwise, it is negative, since it is difficult to treat peritonitis, and there are no guarantees. If you decide not to castrate your pet, then a cage should never be allowed until complete recovery. In principle, if the dog does not represent tribal value, it is better to be neutered. For two to three months, you should regularly visit a veterinarian who will take tests from him. Finally, carefully monitor your pet: at the slightest suspicion of a deterioration in the process of urination or defecation, if blood or pus is detected in the urine, immediately take him to the veterinarians.