When a cat or cat develops mucus in the eyes, this is not always a signal of the development of a disease. In some cases, this phenomenon indicates spontaneous purification of the organs of vision in the animal. Nevertheless, it is necessary to distinguish when the cat's mucus in the eyes is natural, and when the pathological process. Since in the first case special manipulations do not need to be done, in the second - specialist consultation is required.
The mucus in the eyes of a cat is a component of the mechanism of purification of the organs of vision from dust and other polluting elements. A cat has a keener vision than a human. It is driven by evolution and helps it survive in the wild. Thanks to good vision, cats are famous for excellent hunters even in the dark. It also helps them in time to recognize the danger and quickly respond.
Special care for the eyes provides the body of the animal. The emitted liquid contributes not only to hydration, but also to the elimination of dust particles and small debris. Normally, a sufficient amount of tear fluid is formed in the tear lake, from where it enters the lacrimal sac through the lacrimal opening (they will fulfill the function of a kind of pump). From the lacrimal sac through the nasolacrimal canal, fluid from the eyes enters the nose, then into the nasopharynx and mouth, and is then swallowed.
In case of violation of any component of this mechanism in an animal, pathological accumulation of lacrimal fluid is noted, which can lead to visual impairment.
Normal mucus discharge in an animal is as follows:
- they are transparent or translucent;
- have no smell;
- there are not many of them, and they do not lead to sour eyes;
- they have a semi-liquid consistency.
Sometimes it is possible to note an excessive amount of mucus in the corners of the eyes of the animal after sleep. However, this is not a pathology and the animal can independently cope with this phenomenon in the process of hygiene procedures.
Another version of the norm of increased separation of mucus in cats is due to the breed. This feature occurs in cats with a flattened face. This characteristic is accompanied by a malfunction of the nasolacrimal canal and nasopharynx. As a result, the outflow of fluid worsens and its excessive accumulation in the organs of vision occurs.
Bright representatives of these breeds are:
- Scottish fold (Scottish fold cat);
- Himalayan cat.
In addition to increased accumulation of mucus, such cats may experience problems associated with nasopharyngeal congestion. Snoring, frequent snorting and noisy eating are not rare occurrences in these breeds. Owners should carefully care for their pets and prevent the development of a pathological condition. Regular visits to the veterinarian will be helpful for this.
Signs of pathology
The first symptom of the development of a disease or various disorders is a change in the nature of the discharge. It changes color, texture, an unpleasant odor may appear. In this case, the development of the disease in the animal can be suspected.Brown slime in the eyes of a Persian cat
Depending on the physical characteristics of the fluid, a specialist will be able to determine the type of pathology. To make a more accurate diagnosis, an examination is required. The main signs of pathological exudate, which goes beyond the norm, include:
- purulent discharge of beige, yellow, light brown or light green color (with an unpleasant odor and without it);
- turbid liquid of a thick consistency;
- milky mucus;
- brown or red exudate;
- a significant increase in the amount of mucus secreted with reddening of proteins is accompanied by frequent blinking.
Important! Identification of the cause of the disease and its elimination must be entrusted to a specialist. With improper treatment, the disease will progress, which can lead to loss of vision.
Symptoms of anxiety
In the event of any violation, the owner of the cat will immediately see a change in the quality of the excreted fluid. In order not to aggravate the condition of the animal and not to miss a serious disease, you should consult a specialist as soon as possible in the presence of the following symptoms:
- the amount of discharge has increased significantly, and does not pass within a few days;
- the animal has permanent crusts under the eyes;
- the hair around the eyes is wet or with dried mucus;
- the pet is constantly washing, rubs his eyes;
- other signs of the disease occur: loss of appetite, lethargy, behavior change.
Pathologies that are accompanied by increased lacrimation in a cat are usually associated either with a violation of the patency of the tear along the nasolacrimal canal, or with an increase in tear production.
Disruption of the lacrimal system, which impedes the normal passage of fluid, is most often due to the following factors:
- congenital and acquired stenosis of the lacrimal openings (as a result, the lacrimal fluid does not leave the lacrimal lake in the necessary quantity and accumulates there);
- narrowing of the nasolacrimal canal;
- consequences of conjunctivitis, which can lead to blockage of the nasolacrimal duct;
- dacryocystitis (infectious lesion of the lacrimal sac);
- neoplasms of a different nature or inflammatory processes in the head area that affect the lacrimal system;
- the ingress of foreign bodies that block the normal flow of fluid;
- plugs from mucus, which are a consequence of an illness.
Increased exudate production may occur in the following situations:
- inflammatory processes in the eyelids;
- inversion of the eyelids;
- conjunctivitis of various kinds;
- keratitis or inflammation of the cornea;
- abnormal growth of eyelashes and hair around the eyes (trichiasis, dystrichiasis);
- allergic reaction;
- external irritants (shampoos, tray mix, building materials, etc.).
Treatment for increased mucus in the eyes will depend on the cause that causes it. In some cases, such as an allergic reaction, simply removing the allergen is enough. In more complex situations, it is better to seek the help of a veterinarian.
A treatment strategy may include the following elements:
- In the case of allergies (increased lacrimation, redness of the eyes, photophobia), it is necessary to eliminate the allergen. It can be food, cat litter, various sprays (deodorants, air fresheners, etc.), building materials and garbage.
- In the case of a bacterial infection (bacterial conjunctivitis, keratitis, etc.), antibiotic treatment will be required. Most often they are prescribed in the form of drops. Additionally, an injection may be required.
- In case of a viral infection (cat flu, etc.), antiviral drugs are used. Also most often in the form of drops.
- In the case of accumulation of a large amount of pus and obstruction of the nasolacrimal canal, drainage is required - surgical manipulation is performed in a veterinary clinic.
With a slight increase in mucus secretion, you can use home remedies:
- wipe the eyes of a cat with a weak decoction of medicinal plants (chamomile, oak bark);
- use alcohol-free antiseptics (e.g. furatsilin).
It is better to treat the eyes with a cosmetic or gauze swab, because when using cotton, villi remain, which cause additional irritation.
If increased lacrimation does not go away within 2-3 days, you need to seek help from a specialist. The progression of the disease will only complicate the treatment and can lead to serious consequences.
How to care for the eyes of an animal: video