Schipperke is a breed of dog from Belgium. Schiperke, as they are also called, are small, energetic sensitive sensitive companion dogs, distrustful of strangers, somewhat independent, but immensely loving and loyal.
As a Schipperke breed, it probably originates around the 17th century. In the 1690s, a small black dog was very popular among shoemakers and workers of the Sanjari quarter in Brussels. Tails to dogs have traditionally been stopped since the 15th century. Schipperke was leaked with excellent fighters of rodents, cleverly caught mice and were not afraid of a fight with rats. They were also used to control moles and other pests, as well as for shepherd's service. In addition to the shepherd's service, they served on barges as watchmen and to fight rodents.
Dog handlers believe that Schipperke and the Belgian Shepherd had a common ancestor, from which there is a clear similarity in appearance and character.
In the second half of the 19th century, Schipperke became very fashionable among the Belgian nobility, thanks to Queen Maria Henrietta. Schipperke was first shown at an exhibition in the city of Spa in 1882. In 1887, they began to disperse around the world, mainly dogs were taken to the UK and the USA. In 1888, the first breed club was founded and the Standard was approved. The club made great efforts to achieve a single pedigree type.
The breed name "schipperke" is possibly translated as "shepherd" and is a diminutive of the word schipper, which in the Brussels dialect means "shepherd". The English-speaking peoples understood the name schipperke as "a small boatman". However, at that time, barge service was not the original and primary function of the little black dogs.
Video about the dog breed Schipperke (Schipperke):
Schipperke (Schipperke) is a small shepherd dog with a harmonious, strong physique of square format. She has a very expressive face, pointed ears and short black coat. In general, the appearance of Schipperke should reflect strength, endurance and willingness to work. Average weight 4-7 kg.
The International Kennel Federation (FCI) standard allows only black in the breed. Gold shippers are also allowed in England, and gold, chocolate, blue and black and tan in America. There are some differences and appearances. So dogs of the American type are heavier, with a thicker, richer coat and expressive head, European dogs are more elegant and light.
The head is not too long and quite wide, wedge-shaped. Stop noticeable. The forehead is wide, the upper lines of the muzzle and skull are parallel. The muzzle tapers toward the nose; its length is approximately 40% of the length of the head. The back of the nose is straight. The lobe is small, black. Lips fit tight, black. The teeth are healthy, firmly set, scissor bite, straight allowed. The eyes are dark brown, almond-shaped, small. The eyelids are black. The look is lively, mischievous. The ears are small, pointed, erect, triangular in shape, set high, very mobile.
The neck is strong, strong, because of the collar it seems very voluminous, holds high, the upper line of the neck is slightly curved. The body is wide, short. The top line is straight, often slightly elevated from the croup to the withers. The withers are well expressed. The back is straight, short. The loin is wide. The croup is horizontal, smoothly rounded, because of which it is compared with the croup of guinea pig. The chest is wide with rounded ribs lowered to the elbows. The bottom line is slightly matched. The tail is set high. Tailing is the norm for the breed. Some dogs are born with short tails. At rest, the natural long tail reaches the hock joints, hangs down, slightly bending at the end. In movement, it can rise to the level of the back. A tail curled or thrown back is also allowed.
The limbs with a very good skeleton are placed under the body. The front straight, parallel, their length from the ground to the elbows is approximately half the height at the withers. Hind limbs when viewed from behind, parallel with long muscular hips. The hocks are well defined. Dewclaws are undesirable. Paws are rounded, small, fingers well assembled with very strong, black short claws.
The coat is double. The outer hair is plentiful, thick, rather coarse, straight, strong texture, durable and dry to the touch. The undercoat is soft, thick. The coat on the ears, head, front of the legs, on the hocks and on the metatarsus is noticeably shorter. On the body of medium length, fits snugly. On the neck a little longer, forms a collar, on the back of the hips are “pants”. On the tail, the wool is the same length as the body. The color is exclusively black. With age, a little gray hair appears on the face.
Nature and behavior
Schipperke is an energetic guard dog, very loyal to the owner and family members, treats strangers wary, avoids strangers, but is able to bite if someone is approaching a guarded object. The pronounced hunting instinct and weakness for rodents makes it difficult to keep the scipperke with small animals. It gets along well with other dogs and even cats. On walks, she’s usually not grumpy, but will not tolerate attacks in her direction, she will repulse the offender regardless of his size.
Schipperke have a decorative appearance and the character of a service dog.
Schipperke are self-confident and independent dogs that have their own opinions on everything. However, psychologically, they are very strongly attached to the owner, loyal and understanding. Very nimble and tireless in work, they love to spend time with the owner and are ready to support any undertaking. At home, extremely sensitive. They adapt to the rhythm of family life and are almost never overly intrusive. It's hard to believe when you see Schipperke on a walk. On the street, these are restless little dogs that are ready to run and play for hours.
Schipperke may be a good choice for families with older children who can already respect the dog, and she, in turn, will become an excellent companion for them in games and on walks.
Parenting and training
Schipperke is very smart, smart and quite easy to train. From early childhood, the puppy can not be indulged too much, all family members must participate in the upbringing and socialization of the dog, which will allow it to master socially acceptable manners.
In terms of education and training, Schipperke is a rather heavy dog for an inexperienced owner. Consultation or assistance from a professional dog handler may be required.
They begin to raise a puppy literally from the moment they appear in the house. The owner must be firm and consistent, in no case sharp. The kid is praised for good behavior and the right reaction, gently scolded for disobedience and pranks. Already from 2 months of age you can teach your dog the basic commands: "to me", "sit", "place". By the age of six months, puppies that have not been raised become very stubborn, it will be very difficult to train or adjust behavior. Classes should be short and interesting. Necessarily with positive reinforcement.
Schipperke is very agile and maneuverable, they like to play and spend time with the owners, so it is great for various sports: agility, obedience, flyball or freestyle. It is also a great way to satisfy the dog’s psychological and physical needs.
Schipperke must be taught basic commands. The best option would be the OKD course, which the dog will go along with the owner. Joint classes will strengthen the bond between the animal and the owner, will allow you to put inexhaustible energy in the right direction and get used to working in society.
Schipperke will feel best in a private house with a yard. By the way, the site should be well fenced. Blackies easily and enthusiastically overcome various obstacles, they love to make digs, and even the electronic hedge, popular in the West, cannot become an obstacle to adventure. Schipperke get along well in the apartment, subject to good walking. They tolerate frosts well, they are somewhat worse in extreme heat. Therefore, in the summer it is important to take all measures to prevent heat stroke. Schipperke is very hardy, they can live in an aviary in winter, but because of their nature, they will not be happy on the street alone.
Schipperke is very playful and energetic, so they need daily walks lasting about 2 hours. Walking step does not suit them, you need to give the opportunity to run, outdoor games and activities are welcome. A little dog can even become a jogging companion. Bored schipperke acquires bad habits, which are manifested in obsessive and destructive behavior. When walking, it is worth remembering about the curiosity of the dog and the expressed hunting instinct, which makes it chase neighboring cats, squirrels, other small animals, and birds.
Schipperke does not require complicated care. During molting, the hair is combed daily, helping the dog to quickly get rid of the undercoat and overripe outer hair, the rest of the time once a week is enough. They bathe only if necessary, if the dog is very dirty, before the show or every 3-4 months.
From early childhood, it is important to accustom an independent scipper to the fact that hygiene procedures are a normal part of his life and they must be taken patiently. In the process, the owner must maintain a positive attitude and avoid fuss.
Other mandatory hygiene procedures include nail clipping, ear and tooth brushing. Claws are cut as they grow. The auricle is checked weekly for redness and an unpleasant odor, and if necessary, cleaned of accumulated gray and dust.
Schipperke is often fastidious of food if they start to spoil them from early childhood and offer food of their choice. The owner is better to decide in advance what he will feed the dog. This can be natural products, prepared dry and wet foods or raw food according to the BARF system. In any case, you need to approach the issue of nutrition competently, observing calorie content and regimen.
It is undesirable to feed such an active dog immediately before walking or pursuing classes, after eating there should be peace.
Health and Life Expectancy
Schipperke is a strong little dog that has good health, high adaptation and remains active until old age. Rarely, but the representatives of the breed have hereditary diseases:
- Ophthalmic diseases (cataract, progressive retinal atrophy);
- Perthes disease
- Hip dysplasia;
- Mucopolysaccharidosis type IIIb.
- In adulthood, various senile diseases can develop: arthritis, arthrosis, malignant and benign tumors, gastrointestinal problems, and others.
Keep schipperke healthy and active will help: good physical activity, regular care, good nutrition and veterinary and preventive measures (timely vaccination, treatment of external and internal parasites, annual medical examination).
Choosing a Schipperke puppy
Schipperke is a rare breed, but there are few nurseries in most European countries. In Russia, mainly in large cities. Puppies often have to be booked in advance and wait for the babies to be born and grow up. It is rarely possible to find free ones for sale. You should buy a dog from a well-established breeder who monitors the condition of the dogs, correctly selects pairs for breeding and looks after the younger generation in accordance with all the rules. This will be able to recommend a suitable puppy and will provide further support in growing. Parents must have a good pedigree, genetic tests for diseases common in the breed are encouraged. Puppies must have a mark, a puppy card, a veterinary passport with notes on vaccinations and other preventive procedures.
It is advisable to take the puppy to a new home no earlier than 10 weeks of age. By the time of the examination, the baby should be active, curious, outwardly absolutely healthy, without signs of cowardice or aggression. There are no special differences in sex in the breed, with proper education. As for the standard and prospects, it’s even difficult for a professional in a small puppy to see the future champion. During the growing up of the show, a variety of little things can break off a career, therefore, first of all, the dog should be desired as a family member and companion.
The price of a Schipperke breed puppy depends on many factors. In rare cases, dogs with obvious breeding, for example, with the wrong color, bite or dogs of cryptorchids, are sold relatively inexpensively, from 20,000 rubles. If we are talking about promising dog shows, with which you can later participate in an exhibition or use in breeding, the price usually starts from 80,000 rubles.
In the photo in the gallery you can see how adult dogs and puppies of the Schipperke breed look like.