Ready-made cat foods are now easy to purchase at any pet store. They are convenient to use if the owner is at work all day, and sometimes even doesn’t have time to cook his own food, besides, dry croquettes can be left in the trough for the whole day, without fear that the food will go bad. However, many pet owners prefer to transfer their pets from industrially prepared feeds to a natural diet.
Sometimes the reason is the need, when ready-made feed is not recommended to the cat for health reasons. And often the owner or hostess transfers the pet to food prepared with their own hands, knowing that it is closer to the natural diet of cats than the one that is offered in canned form. In addition, cooking is a fascinating activity. It is necessary to study the needs of the cat's body, find and try to cook interesting cat dishes.
First of all, you should know what products and in what quantity should be included in the cat's menu, so that it is complete and balanced in terms of the substances necessary for its body. You should also learn how to cook homemade food for a cat: what can be added to dishes in raw form, and what should be subjected to heat treatment.
The composition of the diet for cats
A cat is a predatory feline mammal. Like all predators, it mainly eats meat. Meat products should make up up to 80% of the cat's daily diet, of which 10% can be in the form of offal. You can use any meat, in a limited amount only pork - it is harder to digest and contains a lot of fat.
The remaining 20% of the cat's diet should be vegetables, cereals, potatoes, legumes, greens, eggs (2-3 per week, not more). From feline vegetables, cabbage (Brussels sprouts, broccoli, cauliflower), carrots, spinach, celery, pumpkin, and squash can be given. What your cat prefers, then include in the menu. Onions and garlic should not be given to cats - these products are feline toxic. Homemade food should contain a sufficient amount of vitamins and minerals, so it is recommended to add vitamin-mineral pellets recommended by the veterinarian or tablets for cats to ready meals.
It can be difficult for a cat to immediately switch from canned food to a natural diet, therefore it is wiser to give her wet canned food to begin with, they are closer to home food in appearance and taste. If there are other animals in your house (for example, a dog), you will have to cook the cat food separately, since the composition of the diet is different for them: the cat needs a lot more protein. There are many simple recipes for cats, at least some of them will surely appeal to your pet.
Meat is the main source of protein and fat. Chicken, turkey, beef meat is suitable for cats, but it is advisable not to give pork to the cat often.
Raw chicken with vegetable pilaf
For pilaf you will need: 1 glass of brown rice, two large carrots, several stalks of celery and a glass of green peas or green beans. Pre-steamed rice, grate celery and carrots on a coarse grater. A mixture of rice and vegetables pour 2 cups boiling water and cook for 20-30 minutes. Cool the prepared pilaf to room temperature, add 2 tbsp. vegetable oil (preferably olive). This amount of pilaf is enough for several feedings, it can be stored in the refrigerator for 2-3 days. Before giving the cat the right portion, to the vegetable pilaf, add raw skinless chicken fillet cut into small cubes.
Chicken with mashed potatoes and egg
Boil 2 potatoes cut into pieces, cool to room temperature. Download to blender, add 1 tsp. butter, 100 g. raw chicken, 1 egg. Mix the ingredients until mashed. This dish is great for small kittens and old cats. If you use boiled chicken meat, such food can be prepared for the future, for a couple of days, and stored in the refrigerator.
Broccoli pureed meat
- raw beef - 100 g;
- broccoli or cauliflower - 50 g;
- vegetable fat - 0.5 tsp;
- calcium gluconate - 1 tablet.
Cut the beef into small pieces, sort the cabbage into inflorescences, boil and grind it in a blender, grind the calcium gluconate tablet into powder. For cooking, you can use canned cabbage from baby food. Mix everything, pour oil on top.
A small carrot, 100 g of frozen chicken fillet or beef meat grate on a coarse grater (you can take ready-made minced meat). Add a tablet of calcium gluconate, a handful of finely chopped nettle or lettuce, ¼ cup green peas, 1 raw egg. Form small cakes and bake in the oven or microwave - lightly, just so that they do not disintegrate. Such pancakes can be stored in the freezer, and warmed in the microwave as necessary.
Fish contains minerals, essential amino acids, is rich in fat-soluble vitamins, and just like meat, it serves as a source of protein. Suitable for preparing cat dishes: pollock, hake, cod, mackerel, pike, salmon, halibut, trout. Low-fat fish is an excellent food option for cats with excess weight, but because of its low calorie content, it is not recommended to give it to pregnant and lactating cats, as well as kittens.
Salmon with rice and egg
100-150 g of salmon to separate from the skins and bones, cut and stew or cook in a double boiler. ¼ boil a glass of rice until it’s “gruel,” boil 1 egg hard-boiled and finely chop. Mix everything, add a couple of tablespoons of vegetable fat, a few finely chopped branches of dill or parsley, a tablet of a vitamin-mineral complex or calcium gluconate. Such a dish can be prepared for future use and stored in pans or bags in the freezer.
Gourmet fish platter
Boil the fillet of sea or river fish and cut into small pieces. Cook rice like regular porridge, grate raw carrots. Mix all the ingredients, adding sprouted wheat and olive oil. For one serving of food you will need:
- 250 g of fish fillet (it can be replaced with a can of canned fish in oil);
- 4 tbsp rice;
- 1 small carrot;
- 1 tbsp sprouted wheat;
- 1 tbsp olive oil.
- 0.5 cup small shrimp or 4-5 large pieces;
- 1 medium-sized carrot;
- 0.5 hard boiled eggs;
- 1 tsp olive oil.
Boil the shrimp for 10-15 minutes, remove the tail portion from the shell, chop with a knife Raw carrots and grate hard-boiled egg or grind in a blender. Mix everything and add vegetable fat. Such a delicate and delicious salad with an appetite is eaten even by the most fastidious cats.
The internal organs of animals and birds are very useful for cats. They contain proteins, fats, essential amino acids (including such an important for the cat's body as taurine), vitamins and minerals. If your cat is reluctant to eat liver, heart or kidneys, these offal can be included in meat or fish dishes, or mask their taste with cereals or vegetables.
Delicate chicken offal pate
To prepare a portion of the paste, you will need:
- 200 g chicken giblets (heart, liver, stomachs);
- 1 tbsp butter;
- 1 carrot;
- several sprigs of parsley or celery.
Gently fry the giblets in oil, boil the carrots. Pass everything through a meat grinder and add finely chopped greens.
Liver with cabbage and oatmeal
The recipe is designed for 4-5 servings. Pilaf can be sorted into bags and frozen, then you can only get a bag out of the freezer and warm its contents.
For the dish you will need:
- 0.5 kg of liver (chicken, rabbit or beef);
- 1 cup oatmeal;
- 0.6 cups of inflorescences of broccoli or green peas;
- 2-3 tbsp sunflower or olive oil.
Cook the liver and cabbage and cut into small pieces, steam the oatmeal with boiling water. Mix everything by adding vegetable fat.
Offal and vegetable stew
For 4-5 servings, you need to take:
- 0.5 kg of a mixture of chicken giblets;
- 1 small carrot;
- half a medium-sized zucchini;
- 1 cup pearl barley, buckwheat, oat or corn grits;
- 2-3 tbsp. l olive oil.
From raw offal to make minced meat, rub the vegetables on a coarse grater, cook the grits. Mix everything, add oil. This dish can be prepared for future use and stored in a freezer, packaged in bags.
Soups should be an integral part of cats' natural nutrition. The body of these predators needs fiber, which contains boiled vegetables and cereals, and in the process of cooking from meat or fish, many useful substances pass into the water. Cats suffering from diseases of the stomach or intestines and small kittens are especially in need of warm soup.
Meat soup with semolina and yolk
100 g of meat scraps or chicken, a small washed and peeled carrot pour 0.5 liters of water and cook for half an hour. Then, stirring vigorously, add 1-2 tbsp semolina, 1 tsp. butter, raw yolk, keep on fire for another 5 minutes. Before serving, you can remove the meat from the soup and chop it finely with a knife.
Broccoli Diet Chicken Soup
Boil chicken meat (about 100 g) in a glass of water, cook several inflorescences of broccoli in a double boiler. Grind the ingredients in a blender until mashed, pour a little warm broth, add 1 tsp. butter. Adult cats and kittens are happy to eat such a dietary dish, it is also recommended to cook it for cats that are capricious in food, who have a habit of eating meat and leaving vegetables in the feeder.
Low Calorie Fish Soup
Low-calorie meals are recommended for sterilized and neutered animals, as well as older cats prone to obesity. To make fish soup you will need:
- 0.5 l of water;
- 100-150 g of lean fish (hake, pollock, pike);
- a small carrot;
- 2 tbsp any cereal;
- ¼ tbsp sunflower oil (optional).
Butcher the fish, cook together with cereals and grated carrots on low heat for 0.5 hours. Then remove the fish, remove the spinal bones from it, cut and return to the broth.
Meatball Cream Soup
- minced meat (any, except pork) - 100-150g .;
- rice - 1-2 tablespoons;
- carrots (a small slice);
- asparagus beans or green peas - 2 tbsp.
Method of preparation: boil a soup of rice and vegetables in 0.5 l of water, add small meatballs formed from minced meat 10 minutes before the end of cooking. Remove the meatballs, beat the rest with a blender, then return the meat balls to the soup. You don’t need to crush them, the cat will like to get whole pieces of meat from the soup.
If you want to pamper your pet, accustomed to ready-made dry food, croquettes can be prepared with your own hands. They are not inferior in taste to the store ones, but, of course, much more useful and safer, because they do not have any preservatives or artificial flavor enhancers. Preparing such a delicacy is simple: the ingredients are crushed in a blender, mixed, the resulting porridge mass is spread with a thin layer on a baking sheet and baked in the oven at 100 ° for about 20 minutes. Then a still soft layer of food is divided into small pieces and dried in the oven for another hour. Here are some options for a homemade dry food product kit.
- ground beef - 0.5 kg;
- beef or chicken liver - 0.2 kg;
- boiled rice - 1 cup;
- calcium gluconate - 4 tablets;
- vegetable fat - 1 tbsp
- beef liver - 0.5 kg;
- oatmeal - 1 cup;
- eggs - 2 pcs.;
- fish oil - 1 tbsp. l
- chicken or beef heart - 0.5 kg;
- chicken liver - 0.3 kg;
- boiled carrots - 150 g.
- unsalted crackers - 300 g.
If you feed your cat correctly, then it is healthy, active and looks good. How to feed her - with her own prepared dishes or ready-made croquettes and canned goods, is decided by the owner of the pet. It takes more time and effort to organize homemade meals. But cats, like humans, appreciate the manifestations of attention and love, and they often more willingly eat food cooked specifically for them. And fresh food made from healthy products, even if it is alternated with canned cat food from the store, will be a great addition to your pet’s diet.
Delicious homemade croquettes with their own hands: video recipe