Akita Inu is not just a dog, but a real Japanese treasure and a favorite breed of dog lovers around the world. Thanks to the famous dog Hachiko, who showed a unique devotion, Akita Inu gained worldwide popularity. The number of people wishing to buy a puppy of this breed has increased 15 times! And until now, interest in her has not faded. What is the secret of dogs of this breed?
When representatives of the Akita Inu breed appeared
If you look into history, then Akita Inu belong to the oldest breeds of dogs. Scientists, having thoroughly studied the origin of numerous archaeological excavations, were able to find out that even in the second millennium BC, pets of this breed lived in Japan. In addition, images of dogs, very similar to Akita Inu, are present in drawings from antiquity.
To study the origin of Akita Inu for certain failed, so deeply rooted its roots. There is a theory that these animals came from a spitz-shaped dog from China and ancient mastiffs. It is also believed that Akita is a descendant of the Siberian Husky and Mastiff. But, despite the resemblance, the Northern dogs and Akita have nothing in common.
Exotic in our ears name, in fact, is not. The Japanese did not really dream, in the translation "Akita" - this is the name of one of the provinces in Japan, "Inu" is translated like a dog.
Studies have shown that the breed in the form in which it now exists, was formed in the XVII century and still has not changed. Akita Inu are also unique in that they are truly purebred, and breeding activity has not affected them.
In those days, Akitu Inu were not ordinary dogs, only the most notable nobles could afford a pet of this breed. Representatives were in a special position in the imperial family. But this did not happen right away.
Initially, thoroughbred dogs performed hunting and security functions in the homes of ordinary people, but by the XVIII century the situation had changed, and the Akita significantly increased their status. At that time, a new decree appeared, according to which a person who killed or offended a representative of this breed was subjected to severe punishment. And soon, Akita Inu turned out to be an elite breed, inaccessible to peasants.
Naturally, this could not but affect the development and distribution of the breed. According to the Japanese love of ceremonies, pet care has become a real ritual. Akita Inu began to correspond to the rank of its owners. This was indicated by special attributes, the presence of their own servants. Looking at the Akita, it was possible to determine the status of its owner.
In 1927, a special Society was formed, the activity of which was aimed at preserving the breed. They followed the cleanliness of the breed, avoiding crosses with other representatives.
Of course, World War II had a significant impact on the breed, since almost all of its representatives were at the front. Then the breeding process almost stopped. But still, several pets with pure blood were saved, they possessed all the qualities inherent in akita-in.
In the XIX century, representatives of other breeds began to appear on the territory of the country. The Japanese woke up with a desire to get on the basis of Akita with the addition of the blood of dogs, St. Bernards, bulldogs, dogs with a more aggressive character, to use them for protective purposes. Then completely new breeds appeared - karafuto (Sakhalin husky) and tosa-inu (dog from the principality of Tosu).
This somewhat influenced the Akita breed. Their descendants acquired a denser physique and a bit of aggression in character.
Akita is a 100% Japanese dog, whose homeland is the northern regions of the country. Initially, it performed two functions - security and hunting. Today, her responsibilities have expanded, but more often than not, Akita is used as a companion dog.
The growth of males varies from 64 cm at the withers to 75. The minimum weight is 40 kg. Like other breeds, Akita females have much smaller dimensions.
The standard confirms three possible colors:
- The combination of red and white. In this case, light hair can only be on the inner sides of the chest and limbs, and also create a "mask" on the face. The professional name for this staining of the face - "Urazhiro".
- Tiger hair on the body with a white mask on the face.
- White Akita Inu - Inclusions of other colors are not allowed.
If the Akita is decorated with a black mask on its face, then we are talking about a representative of the American breed. In the Japanese version, this is considered a marriage.
Thoroughbred representatives have a strong, proportional physique, with a heavy skeleton and powerful muscles. Dogs clearly have a lumbar belt.
The characteristic features of the external structure help to distinguish pets from other canines:
- Head Akita Inu has a triangular shape, slightly dull, of medium size relative to the body. Small, slightly slanting eyes, not convex, with a dark brown iris. Ears are open, upright. Compared to the size of the head, they are quite small, having the shape of a triangle with slightly rounded edges.
- Forehead wide, with a hollow between the eyes, which slightly extends on the forehead.
- Tip of the nose large, black, slight staining is possible only in animals with white coat.
- Lips black, tight to the jaw.
- Skin integument not tightly attached to the body, but also do not hang. Sometimes the skin forms small folds.
- Tail with a high landing, large enough, has a twisted shape and is thrown back. Coat dense, rough, medium length. There is a thick undercoat.
- Paws Akita Inu are strong, muscular, ending in feline soft paws.
In general, looking at a dog of this breed, it seems that this is a harmoniously developed animal, strong and strong, and in fact it is.
Extraordinary amazing character
In the photo is a frame from the movie "Hachiko."
Akita Inu is a whole set of positive characteristics that four-legged friends can possess. No negative traits - only the positive and joy of communicating with this dog.
The fun and mischief that puppies of this breed are endowed with does not disappear throughout the life of the dog. Akita are balanced dogs, with no signs of aggression.
They will not get involved in a fight without appreciating the situation and their own strengths. Intellectual indicators of Akita are at their best, they really have prudence and wisdom that have been accumulating for centuries.
There is only one negative trait in the character of these dogs - pathological curiosity. Akita simply must be aware of everything that is happening, and for this she will try to explore all corners of the house. Even a slight noise can tear her away from business and make her rush in search of a source. But this quality has weakened over the years, making the Akita less curious and more phlegmatic.
The nature of Akita allows you to keep an animal, both in a large family, and to make a companion out of it for one person. For parents, such a pet is a real find that can entertain even the tiniest little ones for hours.
Do not think that a dog without human intervention will be able to show all its qualities given by nature. Her education must be engaged, from the very appearance in the house to the last days. By the way, Akita Inu has the longest childhood among dogs - it is considered a puppy up to 2.5 years old. Only by constantly communicating with the animal, you can raise a smart and loyal family member.
Thoroughbred pets are very friendly, and in relation to all family members. But only subject to complete reciprocity. It is worth knowing that Akita can appreciate a good attitude. Possessing an independent appearance, this dog is submissive and does not have a tendency to disobedience and bad behavior.
Akita Inu is wary of strangers, this applies to strangers. They regard other dogs as invaders of their personal territory, and can rush into battle. Experienced dog breeders attribute this quality to a sense of dominance inherent in nature.
How to properly maintain and care for Akita Inu
Pictured is the Akita Inu (Hachiko) dog breed.
If the plans include the acquisition of a puppy of this ancient Japanese breed, then you can be sure that the new pet will not cause much trouble. The dog is universal, it feels good both in the apartment and on the street. For outdoor living, Akita has warm wool, equipped with a thick undercoat. But, despite this, it is still worth providing the pet with a warm booth.
Akita living in an apartment requires a two-time walk, which should last at least two hours. Walking alone, the dog behaves with restraint and calmly until a congener suitable for games appears in the field of vision, and then the pet will show all its playfulness.
If the Akita Inu is not allowed to pour out excess energy, then the dog can become lazy, gain excess weight and even lose obedience.
Special care for the wool is not required, it is enough to comb it a couple of times a week and remove the formed tangles. During periods of molting, of course, additional combing of the used wool will be required to speed up this process.
Akita can not be bathed often, this can lead to the fact that the pet becomes ill. Two or three baths during the year will be enough. Use only specialized detergents, after the coat requires thorough drying, in this case it is permissible to use a hair dryer.
Akita have excellent appetite, therefore, it is necessary to carefully balance the diet, avoiding overeating and subsequent weight gain. It is highly recommended not to feed your pet from your own table. You can choose a quality ready-made dry food. Feeding akita allows mixed nutrition. Several times a week, you can give your dog fresh cottage cheese, yogurt or kefir, a piece of lean meat, vegetable or meat broth. The pet must be provided with clean and fresh drinking water.
During seasonal molting, carrying and nursing offspring, after diseases, it is possible to supplement the diet with special mineral and vitamin supplements, but without fail consulting a veterinarian.
It is recommended to vaccinate the dog regularly; the pet should constantly appear in the veterinary office for routine examinations.
- how to feed Akita Inu;
- how to care for dogs.
Photo Akita Inu from Hachiko movie
Video about Akita Inu
How much do puppies cost?
The popularity of representatives of this breed does not wane, so the cost of puppies of this breed can not be called low. And of course, prices depend on the quality of the dog itself. In Moscow, on average, the following Akita Inu prices can be noted:
- A puppy without a pedigree or with an existing pedigree marriage with a further ban on breeding will cost about 15,000-30000 rubles.
- The price of standard-class puppies ranges from 32,000 to 70,000 rubles.
- The cost of a show class puppy can reach 100,000 rubles.
In the distance from the capital, you can buy an Akita Inu pet at a price 30-40% lower than indicated. Which puppy, and for what needs to purchase, the owner decides for himself.
Akita Inu Kennels:
The best Akita Inu cattery worldwide: //dog-akita.com
Nursery in Moscow and the Moscow region: //www.akita-inu.ru
Nursery in Ukraine: //www.akita-inu.com.ua